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Rounds Introduces Bill to Reform NRCS to Better Serve South Dakota Farmers, Ranchers and Landowners

WASHINGTON – U.S. Sen. Mike Rounds (R-S.D.) introduced legislation to reform the USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), which is in charge of making wetland determinations. Among other things, Rounds’ legislation would guarantee landowners a wetland redetermination process, reform the NRCS appeals process and create a state oversight committee, comprised of local farmers and ranchers, to review the NRCS’ determination process. Additional cosponsors include Sens. John Hoeven (R-N.D.) and Kevin Cramer (R-N.D.).


“South Dakota’s farmers, ranchers and landowners know their land better than anyone else,” said Rounds. “They’re on the frontlines of conservation efforts to make certain our natural resources are available for future generations. They don’t need the heavy-hand of government interfering with their ability to use and manage their own land.”


“Over the last few years, we’ve worked with South Dakotans who are facing arbitrary and -sometimes - what appears to be punitive penalties from the NRCS. In South Dakota, we know that the NRCS has made retroactive wetland determinations, levied large and unfair monetary fines and the landowner has little or no recourse. The reforms I’ve introduced modify some of the NRCS’s compliance rules in a manner that works with landowners, gives them more control over their land and removes unnecessary, often unfair barriers and penalties.”


“The NRCS was created to work with farmers and ranchers to help them improve, protect and conserve their land and natural resources. Over time, it has veered far from that core mission, morphing into an overreaching agency that makes important, heavy-handed decisions about South Dakota producers land using questionable methods and rationale. This has led to an increase in farmers and ranchers in South Dakota and across the country increasingly battling the NRCS on wetland determinations.”


American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF) President Zippy Duvall said, “The plain truth is that farmers have been treated unfairly by NRCS when trying to be good stewards of the land. AFBF stood up for them by pressing for changes to conservation compliance programs, and we applaud Sen. Rounds for introducing the NRCS Wetland Compliance and Appeals Reform Act. It would institute needed reforms, and although sweeping in nature in its current form, it takes important steps toward creating a fair and understandable process for America’s farmers.”


South Dakota Farm Bureau President Scott VanderWal, said: “The NRCS has a well-documented history in South Dakota of denying due process and taking a heavy-handed approach with our farmers. I thank Senator Rounds for introducing NRCS compliance reform legislation, which will put our farmers and landowners on a more equal footing when it comes to making wetland determinations. An overhaul of the NRCS appeals and determination process is long overdue.”


Once considered wasteland, wetlands were often drained so farmers could plant crops. Growing concern over the loss and appreciation of the value of wetlands in the ecological system led Congress to take action to protect wetlands in the 1985 farm bill. Over the years, bureaucrats have veered from the intent of wetland protection laws, forcing farmers to battle with the federal government on NRCS compliance. Because penalties from violating NRCS compliance rules can lead to the loss of USDA services and assistance for farmers, it is vitally important that the NRCS compliance rules are fair, reasonable and within congressional intent.


Rounds’ NRCS Compliance Reform Legislation Would:

  • Make sure compliance penalties for newly-determined wetlands can only be prospective. For example, if a producer drains an area not considered a wetland at that time, but it is later determined to be a wetland, penalties cannot be retroactive if there was not a determined wetland at the time of the offense.
  • Put the burden of proof on the NRCS to prove a compliance violation – not the landowner to prove his or her innocence.
  • Require the USDA to develop an appeals process for redetermination requests not accepted by the state NRCS. This includes the right of a person to conduct an on-site visit for the redetermination.
  • Require USDA to establish oversight committees in each state that will oversee the appeals of wetland determinations.
  • Reform the regulatory process so that NRCS must go through a notice and public comment period for conservation compliance regulations, banning the use of interim rulemaking.
  • Prevent the NRCS from using one-time on-site observations to satisfy the hydraulic criteria for determinations, which can lead to a high-risk of false positives.
  • Stop the NRCS from changing rationales when making wetland determinations, so that once a landowner successfully refutes a wetland determination decision, the case is considered closed and cannot be revisited.
  • Make changes to the NRCS’s appeals process:
    • Retrain National Appeals Division (NAD) judges and agency directors in how to provide a fair and balanced hearing;
    • Require USDA to provide the entire record or decisional documentation to the farmers at the time of alleged compliance violation; 
    • Allow the farmer and his counsel to call NRCS technical staff as witnesses in the appeal;
    • Accept evidence provided by the farmer as true absent substantial evidence to the contrary; and
    • Compensate the farmer for legal fees when the farmer wins an appeal – i.e., when the farmer is forced to incur costs because of an incorrect decision from NRCS.